Backsplice: The backsplice is used to protect the end of a rope from fraying. It’s started with a crown knot, then finished by passing each loose strand in turn back through the braid of the rope.
Eye Splice: Creates a loop at the end of the rope, with loose strands wound back through the braid to secure the ends of the rope.
Hunter’s Bend: This bend is used to connect two ropes of similar size. However, it can be difficult to untie when it has been under strain, and the alpine butterfly bend may be a better choice.
Fisherman’s Knot: The fisherman’s bend is a stopper knot used to connect two ends of rope. It can be used to form a loop before tying a Prusik knot. The video below shows a double fisherman’s bend.
Prusik Knot: Named for Austrian Dr Karl Prusik, the Prusik is a ‘slide and grip’ knot most often used in climbing. Starting with a loop of rope, the climber can loosen and slide the knot up a hanging rope, then tighten the knot to pull themselves up. This is known as ‘Prusiking’. The Prusik knot can also be used to attach a loop to a fixed object such as a pole.
Japanese Lashing: Similar to a square lashing, the Japanese lashing uses a doubled rope, wrapped around the pole, with no starter knot, and a reef knot to finish. (Source: Youtube channel ITS Tactical Solutions)
Filipino Lashing: The Filipino lashing is an alternative diagonal lashing that is supposed to be quicker than the traditional one. Like the Japanese lashing, it starts with a rope wrapped around the pole (rather than starting with a knot). The two standing ends are used to lash the spars, and the lashing is finished with a reef knot. (Source: scoutpioneering.com)
Alpine Butterfly Knot: Can be used to join two similarly sized ropes, and has the advantage of being easy to untie after carrying a load. It is also very similar to the Alpine Butterfly Loop, mentioned above, which is a useful way to form a loop or to shorten in a rope.